Alpine Fault Tours: The earth moves - See 26 traveler reviews, 47 candid photos, and great deals for Whataroa, New Zealand, at Tripadvisor. New Zealand’s Alpine Fault is a seismically active, “crust-busting” plate boundary fault. Tours are 2.5 hours, and require walking. One indication that things have not always been quite so calm on the Alpine fault is the presence of a rock type called psuedotachylite, which is thought to form either during an earthquake or with a meteor impact. In New Zealand they are formed along the Alpine fault by earthquakes. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island (c. 480 km) and forms the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. The type of plate boundary at the Alpine Fault is a transform boundary. The Altyn Tagh fault is at least 1200 km long and is an active fault line that has been estimated to have been moving since the age of dinosaurs. The Alpine Fault is a mature, dextral strike-slip fault that marks the western boundary of the Southern Alps. Figure 10 Fault Location in terms of uncertainty for the Alpine Fault. The seismicity rate of the Alpine fault is low but comparable to locked sections of the San Andreas fault, with large earthquakes expected. The lack of a historical record for the Alpine Fault means that we must instead examine the geological record left by past ruptures. That gave an average time between earthquakes of 300 years. It is the on-land boundary of the Pacific and Australian plates.But where exactly is it? In New Zealand they are formed along the Alpine fault by earthquakes. https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/112125/view/alpine-fault-line Where will the next earthquake centred on the Alpine Fault begin? [1] The Southern Alps have been uplifted on the fault over the last 12 million years in a series of earthquakes. Several major faults run alongside and within this system, including the Wellington Fault. The Marlborough cluster of fault lines are connected to the South Island's main fault, the Alpine Fault. It is located at the Tibetan Plateau. Each type is the outcome of different forces pushing or pulling on the crust, causing rocks to slide up, down or past each other. English: Map of the Marlborough Fault System, the set of dextral strike-slip faults that accommodates the switch from the Alpine Fault to the Kermadec Trench along the plate boundary through New Zealand. Seismicity decreases north of Bruce Bay at the Alpine fault and within a triangular region along the Alpine fault located between the Hope and Porters Pass fault zones. The Deep Fault Drilling Project (DFDP) is an international science project studying the Alpine Fault in western South Island. The Marlborough Fault System is a major sequence of faults in the upper South Island. Earth & Space Science What tectonic setting is most likely associated with the Alpine fault? The uncertainty is an estimate of how well-mapped or located the fault is at any given point, based on the type of data that Inset: Plate tectonic setting of New Zealand, including the locations of subduction margins Alpine Fault By Yanice Melendez D.L. The Alpine fault is a transform fault at the boundary of the Indo-Australian and Pacific Plates. Geologists working on Project AF8 believe that the next severe earthquake on the Alpine Fault is most likely to be a rupture that begins in South Westland and “unzips” northwards and will … [Chapter Break] After their ground­breaking paper on the Alpine Fault, Willett was posted to Invercargill and Wellman to another war­time project at d’Urville Island. What type of fault is this? Here he explains what they were up to and shares some photos of the damage. The Alpine Fault • Running about 600km up the spine of the South Island, the Alpine Fault is the on-land boundary of the Pacific and Australian tectonic plates. Cochran said data from the two sites gave evidence for 26 Alpine Fault earthquakes in the past 8000 years. Piqiang Fault O Reverse Left lateral O Normal O Right lateral Their fault, not mine An anticline is best described as: An arching fold of rock caused by tension (pulling) O A U-shaped fold of rock caused by tension (pulling) An arching fold of rock caused by compression (pushing) O A U-shaped fold of rock caused by compression (pushing) The sister of Patsy's mom. New research has revealed that some of the West Coast is sandwiched between enormous offshore fault lines and the Alpine Fault. Elisabeth, your guide, has a good knowledge of the Alpine Fault, and to be able to straddle 2 tectonic plates was a real moment to remember. This type of fault zone is generated in the upper 5 to 10 kilometres of the … One indication that things have not always been quite so calm on the Alpine fault is the presence of a rock type called psuedotachylite, which is thought to form either during an earthquake or with a meteor impact. The Alpine Fault quickly became accepted as a notable feature of the geology of New Zealand, and by 1948 was included on standard geological maps. Langridge said researchers in California and New Zealand have a long history of earthquake science collaboration and are learning from each other about the treatment of active faults and fault segmentation for seismic hazard models. Berryman et al., 2012). Base is a screenshot from NASAWorldWind, from the free Blue Marble image courtesy of NASA Earth Observatory. Describe how rock bodies are moving at the fault plane. Faults are elongated, complex zones of deformation, ranging from decimetres to kilometres in magnitude. The rock contains bands of melted rock that seeps into fractures. Alpine Fault. If you want to do something different and have a passing interest in geology, then this is a ‘must do’ tour. I’ve analyzed quartz grain size data from ~250 rocks spanning 170 km of the fault. In the plot above the area of the circles correlates with the area percentage of … It fills a knowledge gap for the international science community trying to understand earthquake processes. Fault names and detailed mapping localities are shown in the legend. Because many faults show a combination of dip-slip and strike-slip motion, geologists use more sophisticated measurements to analyze their specifics. About Alpine Fault Tours Guided educational tours to the natural exposure of the Alpine fault, at Gaunt Creek, near Whataroa, South Westland. It has ruptured four times in the last 900 years, resulting in earthquakes of around magnitude 8, and is now considered highly probable to go again in the next 50 years. == Philippine Mobile Belt == The Philippine Mobile Belt is composed of a large number of accretionary blocks and terranes. St. Andreas Transform Fault Alpine Fault New Zealand The types of transform fault that are always the longest Oceanic Transform Fault Continental Transform Fault EXPLORING THE PLANETS 3 The crust type and general of thickness of the crust. For engineering projects the so-called brittle fault deserves our particular attention. The alpine fault runs along the west side of the South Island of New Zealand and is "one of the longest, straightest, and fastest-moving plate boundary transform faults on Earth."(eg. The rock contains bands of melted rock that seeps into fractures. Jack was part of a team of experts that went into the field immediately following the Kaikoura earthquake to map the surface ruptures. The Alpine fault is defined as the 650 km long feature that extends the length of the South Island. Faults taken from New Zealand Active Faults Database A fault with 300 meters of both, on the other hand, would. The Alpine Fault runs 400km up the South Island, along the western edge of the Southern Alps. The faults within this system head southwards and converge to form the Alpine Fault, which carries most of the plate boundary strain in the region. At a transform boundary, two tectonic plates slide past each other. J ack Williams is a PhD Student at the University of Otago, New Zealand, where he is studying the Alpine Fault. There is dextral strike-slip motion as well as convergence between the Australian and Pacific plates. The Philippine Fault System is a major inter-related system of faults throughout the whole of the Philippine Archipelago, primarily caused by tectonic forces compressing the Philippines into what geophysicists call the Philippine Mobile Belt. Major populated areas near your fault It's important to know a fault's type -- it reflects the kind of tectonic forces that are acting on a specific area. The Alpine Fault is one of the world’s major geological features. Stress levels on the Alpine fault. Figure 1 Active fault map (black & grey lines) of South Island highlighting the Alpine Fault (bold within West Coast region). What type of stress are the rocks at the fault under? The Alpine Fault is sometimes compared with California's San Andreas Fault, being another fast-moving strike slip fault near a plate boundary. Is composed of a team of experts that went into the field following! 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